Histo-Ray – Overview of Luke Chapter 5

Histo-Ray – Overview of Luke Chapter 5


Jesus was concerned about individuals.  His message was always to the individual.  He took time to help people personally.  His purpose was to transform them and send them out to share.  In Luke chapter 5, we see Jesus’ encounters with four individuals and the changes they experienced because they trusted Him.


At least 7 of the disciples were fishermen.  Ironically, fishermen generally have the qualities to make them successful in serving the Lord.  Courage, daring, patience, determination, great faith, willing to work together and help one another and develop the necessary skills to do the job.

Peter kept on working even though he wasn’t catching anything. Jesus used his boat as a platform to address the crowd.  Dr. J. Vernon McGee says, “Every pulpit is a fishing boat, a place to give out the word of God and attempt to catch fish.”

Luke 5:5 has a very interesting point that is worth considering.  “And Simon answering said unto Him, Master we have toiled all night and have taken nothing: nevertheless, at your word I will let down the net.” Look at what happens between the “nothing” and the “nevertheless”.  Consider this in your life and the difference it could make.

FROM SICKNESS TO HEALTH    LUKE 5:12-16   (The Leper)

Lepers were isolated and couldn’t return to normal society unless a priest declared them clean.  In Isaiah 1:46, leprosy was used as a picture of sin. Like sin, it is deeper than the skin, it cannot be helped by mere surface measures, it spreads and defiles and eventually brings about death and separation.

This leper not only needed change, he wanted change.  He humbled himself before the Lord and asked for mercy.  By Gods’ grace and power, he was changed.  A beautiful picture of what Jesus has done for lost sinners.

FROM GUILT TO FORGIVENESS    LUKE 5:17-26    (The Paralytic)

Jesus has returned to Capernaum.  The official religious leaders from Jerusalem were there to investigate what He was doing.  (Pharisees and Scribes)

Pharisee comes from a Hebrew word that means “to divide, to separate”.  This probably developed out of the ministry of Ezra, the priest who taught the Jewish people to obey the law of Moses and be separate from the heathen nations around them (Ezra 9-10 and Nehemiah 8-9)  The desire of the Pharisee was to understand and magnify God’s law and teach others to apply it to their daily lives.  HOWEVER, this soon became legalistic with so many burdens it was impossible to “serve the Lord with gladness” (Psalm 100:2)  The Pharisees and Scribes were hypocrites and did not practice what they preached.

If leprosy illustrates the corruption and defilement of sin, palsy illustrates the paralysis that sin produces in a life.

Jesus would do more that heal the man, He would forgive his sins and teach the crowd a lesson in forgiveness.

The paralytic was unable to come to Jesus.  The 4 men who brought him represent how friends ought to minister to one another and to help needy sinners come to the Savior.

Jesus astounds the religious leaders by claiming to have authority to both heal and forgive sins.  Luke 5:24 is the first recorded use of the title Son of Man in Luke where it is eventually used 23 times.  The prophet Isaiah use it over 80 time and Daniel used it also.  It was Jesus’ favorite name for Himself and is found 82 times in the Gospel record.


Matthew, a despised tax collector, instantly obeyed the Lord’s call, left everything and followed Him.  He was overjoyed by his salvation experience and invited many of his friends to rejoice with him.

The religious leaders criticized Jesus.  He took that opportunity to give 4 illustrations of what He was doing.

  1. THE PHYSICIAN (31-32)
  2. THE BRIDEGROOM (33-35)
  3. THE GARMENT (36)
  4. THE WINE-SKIN (37-39)

The new life of the Spirit cannot be forced into the old wine-skin of Judaism.
Jesus still offers “all things new”. (Rev 21:5)

As a Physician, He offers new life and spiritual health.
As a Bridegroom, He brings new love and joy.
He give us the robe of righteousness and the wine of the Spirit.  (Ephesians 5:18 and Acts 2:13)